In this article I’ll be covering basic types of fly fishing flies and fly fishing flies identification. With so many different names of fly fishing flies, it can be difficult sorting them all out.

The first thing to do is to learn the difference between a fly line and leader. A fly line is used for casting and landing fish while a leader is attached to your fly line and allows you to cast further than with just a fly line alone. Fly lines come in various sizes and weights and are made from either monofilament or braided nylon. Leaders come in various lengths and diameters and are usually made from either monofilament or braided nylon as well. The most common leaders are 6 footers but there are also longer leaders that allow you to cast farther distances. There are also some fly lines that have a built-in leader which makes things even easier.

Different Types Of Fly Fishing Flies

Fly Fishing Flies:

There are several different types of fly fishing flies available on the market today. They range from simple patterns like the nymph, streamer, and spinner to more complex patterns such as the wooly bugger, dry fly, and wet fly. Each type has its own unique characteristics and uses. Some flies are designed to imitate natural insects while others are designed to attract fish by imitating their prey.


Nymphs are small flies that resemble aquatic insects. They are generally soft bodied and are often tied using a hackle. Nymphs are best when fishing over clear water where they will sink quickly. They are typically fished with a dropper rig.


Streamers are large flies that look similar to minnows. They are usually tied with a long shank and are fished with a floating rig. They are great for catching trout because they float down the current and make an easy meal for hungry trout.


These flies are very popular among anglers who enjoy spinning their flies through the air. Spinning flies is done by holding the hook at the end of the leader and then twirling the leader around the rod tip. This action causes the fly to spin and create a whirring sound. Whirligigs are larger versions of spinner flies and are often referred to as “spinner flies”.

Wooly Buggers:

Wooly buggers are large flies that are often used for catching salmon. They are usually tied in bright colors and are fished with an underhand presentation.

Dry Flies:

Dry flies are flies that are not weighted and are intended to sit on the surface of the water. These flies are commonly used for catching trout.

Wet Flies:

Wet flies are flies that are weighted and are intended to sink below the surface of the water and swim along the bottom. These flies are commonly known as “minnow flies”.

Identifying Fly Fishing Flies:

Once you know what kind of fly you want to use, you need to identify it. To identify a fly, simply look at the head of the fly. If the head looks like a bug, it’s probably a nymph. If the head looks more like a fish, it’s likely to be a streamer. If the head resembles something else, it could be a dry fly or a wet fly.

FAQs on Different Types Of Fly Fishing Flies

Q: What size fly should I tie?

A: It depends on the species of fish you plan to catch. Generally speaking, smaller flies work better for trout and larger flies work better for bass.

Q: How many hooks should I attach to my fly?

A: You can attach up to three hooks to your fly. However, if you are going to be fishing in deep water, you may want to add another hook to prevent your line from getting snagged.

Q: Do all flies have barbs?

A: No, most flies do not have barbed hooks. Barbed hooks allow the fly to stay attached to the fish even after being pulled out of the water.

Q: Can I use a split shot on my fly?

A: Split shots are made specifically for tying flies. They are used to hold the tippet together so that you don’t lose any of the fly material during knotting.

Q: How do I keep my flies from tangling?

A: Tying your flies correctly is one way to avoid tangles. Another option is to use a leader extension system. Leader extensions come in various sizes and shapes and help you to extend the length of your leader without having to tie knots.

Q: How can I tell which flies are working?

A: The easiest way to determine whether your flies are working is to watch them fall into the water. If they sink slowly, they are working well. If they sink fast, they aren’t working.

Q: Which type of fly works best for different types of fishing?

A: Different types of flies work best for different types of fish. For example, streamers work well for catching trout because they imitate small insects that live near the surface of the water, while nymphs work well for catching bass because they resemble tiny aquatic bugs.

Q: How long does it take to learn how to tie a fly?

A: There isn’t a set amount of time that it takes to become proficient at tying flies. Some people spend years learning how to tie flies. Others pick it up quickly. Regardless of how much experience you have, there will always be new things to learn about fly tying.


Fly fishing is an enjoyable hobby that has been around for centuries. It involves using natural materials such as feathers, fur, hair, and silk to create artificial flies that mimic real life creatures. Learning how to tie flies is easy once you get started.

Anthoni Ja
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